Copyright and Intellectual Property

Through the development of my groups project “The Place Beyond the Pines” it was necessary to access some online, free sound samples for parts of our Foley. Clearly, this could become an issue if we were to publish our product, and the creator of the sounds had their rights and claim to their samples. Luckily, in this case we had retrieved our samples from freesound.org. I also happened to use this site for my horror soundscape, so project aside, if I wanted to also publish my soundscape in anyway I would have to check the licenses involved with Freesound.org first. This is actually a site where samples are put up online specifically to be shared with others, and can be used in all and any project possible. This falls under the Creative commons 0 license. The “0” in that license states that this is the subsection, which allows the users to have free reign over the use of the work, whereas another subsection of the Creative Commons license may not. Below displays the definition of a creative commons license:

Screen Shot 2015-08-26 at 6.34.12 pm

Through further research into the license, I discovered that there were actually six main licenses under the CC label following the CC0. Each of these six vary in the freedom us users can actually have with the work.

1)

Attribution 
CC BY

This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.

2)

Attribution-ShareAlike 
CC BY-SA

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This license is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.

3)

Attribution-NoDerivs 
CC BY-ND

This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.

4)

Attribution-NonCommercial 
CC BY-NC

This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

5)

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 
CC BY-NC-SA
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.

6)

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 
CC BY-NC-ND

This license is the most restrictive of our six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.

I believe it is essential to research these licenses and be aware of what samples your downloading, even if you’re not currently looking to publish anything at this time. Had I been asked before my research on my knowledge of this topic, I’d have to say it was quite minimal. I could have run the risk of copyright and plagiarism without even being fully aware of what I was doing!

The second topic I wished to research was the contracts and agreements side of publishing. I was completely at a loss on how to access contract-type documents for personal use without the involvement of a lawyer until I happened across Alex’s blog (here). He’s mentioned a handy little website called Docracy. As he discusses in his blog, these documents are lawfully accountable and are simply enough to edit to suit your own needs.

If my project was contributing towards an indie film, rather than something already established, my group would be wanting to set a document up for any musicians involved in the piece, and also for the director. I have found a document on the website which I believe would be beneficial, after changing the product from “mobile application” to whatever the film may be called.

>> Here <<

References:

About The Licenses. (2015, August 20). Retrieved August 26, 2015, from http://creativecommons.org/licenses/

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